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Valuable Information for....

Our Frequently Asked Questions

What are the goals for treating scoliosis?

What credible information is available on my scoliosis?

International Guidelines

What are the “International guidelines for scoliosis management”?

Which Treatment Method?

What are the different scoliosis schools and their approaches?

What is the evidence for each school?

  • “Rehabilitation schools for scoliosis” thematic series: describing the methods and results. Scoliosis 2010, 5:27


What is the “Schroth Method”?

  • Three-dimensional treatment for scoliosis. A physiotherapeutic method to improve deformities of the spine. Palo Alto, CA, The Martindale Press 2007


What is an EOS Scan, and is it safe?

  • The EOS™ imaging system and its uses in daily orthopaedic practice, Int Orthop. 2012 Jul; 36(7): 1325–1331.

  • A systematic review of the clinical effectiveness of EOS 2D/3D X-ray imaging system, Eur Spine J. 2013 Feb; 22(2): 296–304.

How will my physiotherapist assess my scoliosis?

  • ​  ​​Patient evaluation in Idiopathic Scoliosis:

Radiographic assessment, trunk deformity and back asymmetry. Physiotherapy theory and practice 2011, 27 (1):7-25. doi:10.3109/09593985.2010.503990

  • Validity and Reliability Testing of the Scoliometer®

Physical Therapy, 1990; 70 (2):108–117,

  • How do you re - assess outcomes for scoliosis?

The reliability and concurrent validity of the Scoliosis research society – 22 patient questionnaire for Idiopathic Scoliosis. Spine 2003

Managing Scoliosis

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What is the evidence for exercise in managing scoliosis for children & teens?

  • Physical exercises in treatment of adolescent idiopathic Scoliosis:

updated systematic review. Physiotherapy theory and practice 2011, 27 (1): 80-114


  • ​The efficacy of three-dimensional Schroth exercises in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: a randomised controlled clinical trial. Clin Rehabil. 2016 Feb;30(2):181-90.

  • The effect of Schroth exercises added to the standard of care on the quality of life and muscle endurance in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis-an assessor and statistician blinded randomized controlled trial:

"SOSORT 2015 Award Winner”

  • SEAS exercises reduce spinal deformity and improve quality of life in subjects with mild adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.

Results of a randomised controlled trial, Eur Spine J. 2014 Jun;23(6):1204-14.


  • Scoliosis intensive out-patient rehabilitation based on Rigo-Concept, Studies Health Tech&Info, 135,  208-227


  • Effects of Specific Exercise Therapy on Adolescent Patients With Idiopathic Scoliosis- A Prospective Controlled Cohort Study, SPINE:

August 1, 2020 - Volume 45 - Issue 15 - p 1039-1046

  • Effect of conservative management on the prevalence of surgery in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Pediatr Rehabil 2003, 6(3-4):209-214.​​




What evidence exists for exercises during bracing in children/teens?


What evidence is there for exercises during brace weaning?

  • Specific exercises performed in the period of brace weaning can avoid loss of correction in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) patients: Winner of SOSORT's 2008 Award for Best Clinical Paper Scoliosis 2009 Apr 7;4:8. doi: 10.1186/1748-7161-4-8

Is bracing effective in teens?

Is bracing effective in adults?

  • Non - specific chronic low back pain in patients with scoliosis—an overview of the literature on patients undergoing brace treatment. J Phys Ther Sci. 2019 Nov; 31(11): 960–964.

What is the evidence for exercise in managing scoliosis for adults?



  • Rehabilitation in adult spinal deformity. Turk J Phys Med Rehabil. 2020 Sep; 66(3): 231–243.

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Pre & Post Rehab Evidence

Is there evidence for pre-hab in children/teens?

  • Effect of a preoperative protocol of aerobic physical therapy on the quality of life of patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: a randomized clinical study. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2014 Jun; 43(6):E112-6.

Is there evidence for post-operative rehabilitation in children/teens?

  • Rehabilitation of scoliosis patients with pain after surgery. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2002;88:250-3. PMID: 15456044

Is there evidence for post-operative rehabilitation in adults?

  • The role of physical therapy and rehabilitation after lumbar fusion surgery for degenerative disease: a systematic review; J Neurosurg Spine 26:694–704, 2017

What outcomes can I expect after surgery?